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过敏性鼻炎患者应当如何护理

2019-03-11 11:10

  大家应该都知道过敏性鼻炎具有非常严重的危害性,已经有很多的朋友触及到了这种疾病,从而给患者带来了困扰,也会让他们的健康遭受到了危害,大家在应对此病的时候要进行疾病的护理工作,往下看上海宏康医院医生为朋友们介绍一下相关的护理措施有哪些呢。

  一、严格关注冷、热;寒、汗,寒,是诱发本病的要素。寒,能令气滞血淤,正气不能御外,抗病力低下,免疫功能失调。如睡眠时踢去被子、空调太冷、不适时宜的穿着、冷饮、冷风,这是不言而喻的。可是汗出,则是更严重的感寒。因为出汗时汗孔开泄,犹如开窗;汗出湿衣,通过蒸发,传导散热,寒气直逼体内。所以寒、汗这一对矛盾的护理至为重要。衣着适时,以温暖无汗为度;汗出后及时更衣。或平素背后垫一条小毛巾,及时更换。睡眠时,时时关注宝宝的被子,不被踢去。用家长的辛劳换来宝宝的健康。

  二、锻炼,耐寒训练,冷水洗脸,水温作适当调节,循序、有度。在保暖的前提下增加户外活动,呼吸冷空气,可提高呼吸道抗寒能力。运动,小宝宝作被动体操,大宝宝可以多散步,活动关节肌肉,促进血液循环。鼻炎的术后因结痂渗出、水肿、鼻堵加重,因此少部分病人症状加重,属正常现象,一般术后2-3周症状消失。若症状不减轻反而加重者,可到外、内科、眼科、神经科就诊,以免耽误鼻炎的病情。这是对于鼻炎的护理方式之一。

  三、临睡前不可喝牛奶,睡前喝牛奶会发生胃、[ads]食道返流[/ads],返流的酸腐残奶,会刺激咽、鼻咽部,发生刺激性炎症,诱发本病及上呼吸道炎症。甚至鼻腔中也留有残奶,加剧本病的炎症。显然,现在流行的“睡前一杯奶”是一种误导。睡前至少1~2小时饮奶较宜。母乳喂养的宝宝,哺乳后拍背,听到嗳气后方可平卧入睡。每个民族、不同地区,都有适合于宝宝的生长和发育的长期形成的特有生活习惯。

  虽然时代在变迁,但这些已定型的传统的生活、生存习惯不可能在一代、两代人身上改变。大熊猫运赴美国,必需营造与出生地四川相一致的环境才能生存,也是这个道理。难道奶油面包的营养不比硬竹好吗?可是,没有竹子就是不行。所以护理、饮食、穿着、睡眠、居室环境不要做过多的飞跃式突变。慎用清洁剂、香水、驱蚊剂等化学日用品。这些都是强烈的过敏原。护理、饮食、穿着、睡眠、居室环境不要做过多的飞跃式突变。

  鼻炎的患者在术后一侧有时不通畅,是由鼻中隔偏曲所至,一般不需治疗,鼻中隔严重弯曲者需矫正鼻中隔。鼻炎的护理要注意在术后忌用力擤鼻子,鼻涕擤不出者可抽吸从口中吐出。若强擤可出血或引起咽鼓管炎,造成鼻炎患者的耳鸣、耳闷、分泌性中耳炎。鼻炎的手术后前三天会出现呼吸不通畅,有较多的红黄色脓性分泌物,一个月内忌辛辣食物,勿饮酒抽烟。加强营养,多吃蔬菜。注意保暖,预防感冒。

  在看到了这些介绍之后,我们应当认识到了过敏性鼻炎的主要护理办法是什么了,鼻腔方面发病后就会给患者带来了痛苦,也因此伤害到了患者鼻腔部位的健康,所以说我们要将过敏性鼻炎了解清楚,对于患者朋友的护理也应当加强起来。如果您还有疑问的话可以“点击咨询”在线与我们沟通,我们将竭诚为您服务,祝您生活愉快!

远的朋友

  A friend walk in when the rest of the world walks out.

  别人都走开的时候,朋友仍与你在一起。

  Sometimes in life,

  有时候在生活中,

  You find a special friend;

  你会找到一个特别的朋友;

  Someone who changes your life just by being part of it.

  他只是你生活中的一部分内容,却能改变你整个的生活。

  Someone who makes you laugh until you can't stop;

  他会把你逗得开怀大笑;

  Someone who makes you believe that there really is good in the world.

  他会让你相信人间有真情。

  Someone who convinces you that there really is an unlocked door just waiting for you to open it.

  他会让你确信,真的有一扇不加锁的门,在等待着你去开启。

  This is Forever Friendship.

  这就是永远的友谊。

  when you feel blue,

  当你失意,

  and the world seems dark and empty,

  当世界变得黯淡与空虚,

  Your forever friend lifts you up in spirits and makes that dark and empty world suddenly seem bright and full.

  你真正的朋友会让你振作起来,原本黯淡、空虚的世界顿时变得明亮和充实。

  Your forever friend gets you through the hard times, the sad times, and the confused times.

  你真正的朋友会与你一同度过困难、伤心和烦恼的时刻。

  If you turn and walk away,

  你转身走开时,

  Your forever friend follows,

  真正的朋友会紧紧相随,

  If you lose you way,

  你迷失方向时,

  Your forever friend guides you and cheers you on.

  真正的朋友会引导你,鼓励你。

  Your forever friend holds your hand and tells you that everything is going to be okay.

  真正的朋友会握着你的手,告诉你一切都会好起来的。

  And if you find such a friend,

  如果你找到了这样的朋友,

  You feel happy and complete,

  你会快乐,觉得人生完整,

  Because you need not worry,

  因为你无需再忧虑。

  Your have a forever friend for life,

  你拥有了一个真正的朋友,

  And forever has no end.

  永永远远,永无止境。

  13 That's what friends do

  13 朋友就该这么做

  Jack tossed the papers on my desk—his eyebrows knit into a straight line as he glared at me.

  杰克把文件扔到我桌上,皱着眉头,气愤地瞪着我。

  What’s wrong?" I asked.

  怎么了?”我问道。

  He jabbed a finger at the proposal. "Next time you want to change anything, ask me first," he said, turning on his heels and leaving me stewing in anger.

  他指着计划书狠狠地说道:下次想作什么改动前,先征求一下我的意见。然后转身走了,留下我一个人在那里生闷气。

  How dare he treat me like that, I thought. I had changed one long sentence, and corrected grammar, something I thought I was paid to do.

  他怎么能这样对我!我想,我只是改了一个长句,更正了语法错误,但这都是我的分内之事啊。

  It’s not that I hadn’t been warned. The other woman who had worked my job before me called Jack names I couldn’t repeat. One coworker took me aside the first day. "He’s personally responsible for two different secretaries leaving the firm," she whispered.

  其实也有人提醒过我,上一任在我这个职位上工作的女士就曾大骂过他。我第一天上班时,就有同事把我拉到一旁小声说:已有两个秘书因为他而辞职了。

  As the weeks went by, I grew to despise Jack. It was against everything I believed in, turning the other cheek and loving your enemies. But Jack quickly slapped a verbal insult on any cheek turned his way. I prayed about, but to be honest, I wanted to put Jack in his place, not love him.

  几周后,我逐渐有些鄙视杰克了,而这又有悖于我的信条——别人打你左脸,右脸也转过去让他打;爱自己的敌人。但无论怎么做,总会挨杰克的骂。说真的,我很想灭灭他的嚣张气焰,而不是去爱他。我还为此默默祈祷过。

  One day another of his episodes left me in tears. I stormed into his office, prepared to lose my job if needed, but not before I let the man know how I felt. I opened the door and Jack glanced up. “What?” he said abruptly.

  一天,因为一件事,我又被他气哭了。我冲进他的办公室,准备在被炒鱿鱼前让他知道我的感受。我推开门,杰克抬头看了我一眼。有事吗?”他突然说道。

  Suddenly I knew what I had to do. After all, he deserved it.

  我猛地意识到该怎么做了。毕竟,他罪有应得。

  I sat across from him, “Jack, the way you’ve been treating me is wrong. I’ve never had anyone speak to me that way. As a professional, it’s wrong, and it's wrong for me to allow it to continue."

  我在他对面坐下,说:杰克,你对待我的方式很有问题。还从没有人像你那样对我说话。作为一个职业人士,你这么做很愚蠢,而如果我继续让事情这么下去,那就时我的错了。””

  Jack snickered nervously and leaned back in his chair. I closed my eyes briefly. God help me, I prayed.

  杰克不安地笑了笑,向后靠靠。我闭了一下眼睛,祈祷着,希望上帝能帮帮我。

  “I want to make you a promise. I will be a friend,” I said. “I will treat you as you deserve to be treated, with respect and kindness. You deserve that. Everybody does.” I slipped out of the chair and closed the door behind me.

  我保证,可以成为你的朋友。你是我的上司,我自然会尊敬你,礼貌待你,这是我应做的。每个人都应得到如此礼遇。我说着便起身离开,把门关上了。

  Jack avoided me the rest of the week. Proposals, specs, and letters appeared on my desk while I was at lunch, and my corrected versions were not seen again. I brought cookies to the office one day and left a batch on his desk. Another day I left a note. “Hope your day is going great,” it read.

  那个星期余下的几天,杰克一直躲着我。他总趁我吃午饭时,把计划书、技术说明和信件放在我桌上,并且,我修改过的文件不再被打回来。一天,我买了些饼干去办公室,顺便在杰克桌上留了一包。第二天,我又留了一张字条,在上面写道:祝你今天一切顺利。

  Over the next few weeks, Jack reappeared. He was reserved, but there were no other episodes. Coworkers cornered me in the break room. “Guess you got to Jack,” they said. “You must have told him off good.”

  接下来的几个星期,杰克不再躲避我了,但沉默了许多,办公室里再也没发生不愉快的事情。于是,同事们在休息室把我团团围了起来。听说杰克被你镇住了,他们说,你肯定大骂了他一顿。

  I shook my head. “Jack and I are becoming friends,” I said in faith. I refused to talk about him. Every time I saw Jack in the hall, I smiled at him. After all, that’s what friends do.

  我摇了摇头,一字一顿地说:我们会成为朋友。我根本不想提起杰克,每次在大厅看见他时,我总冲他微笑。毕竟,朋友就该这样。

  One year after our "talk," I discovered I had breast cancer. I was thirty-two, the mother of three beautiful young children, and scared. The cancer had metastasized to my lymph nodes and the statistics were not great for long-term survival. After surgery, I visited with friends and loved ones who tried to find the right words to say. No one knew what to say, and many said the wrong things. Others wept, and I tried to encourage them. I clung to hope.

  一年后,我32岁,是三个漂亮孩子的母亲,但我被确诊为乳腺癌,这让我极端恐惧。癌细胞已经扩散到我的淋巴腺。从统计数据来看,我的时间不多了。手术后,我拜访了亲朋好友,他们尽量宽慰我,都不知道说些什么好,有些人反而说错了话,另外一些人则为我难过,还得我去安慰他们。我始终没有放弃希望。

  The last day of my hospital stay, the door opened and Jack stood awkwardly under the threshold. I waved him in with a smile. He walked over to my bed and without a word placed a bundle beside me. Inside the package lay several bulbs.

  就在我出院的前一天,病房门开了。是杰克,他尴尬地站在门口。我微笑着招呼他进来,他走到我床边,默默地把一包东西放在我旁边,那里边是几个球茎。

  Tulips, he said.

  这是郁金香。他说。

  I smiled, not understanding.

  我笑着,不明白他的用意。

  He cleared his throat. "If you plant them when you get home, they’ll come up next spring." He shuffled his feet. "I just wanted you to know that I think you’ll be there to see them when they come up."

  他清了清嗓子,回家后把它们种下,到明年春天就长出来了。他挪挪脚,我希望你知道,你一定看得到它们发芽开花。

  Tears clouded my eyes and I reached out my hand. "Thank you," I whispered.

  我泪眼朦胧地伸出手。

  Jack grasped my hand and gruffly replied, "You’re welcome. You can’t see it now, but next spring you’ll see the colors I picked out for you. " He turned and left without another word.

  谢谢你。我低声说。杰克抓住我的手,生硬地答道:不必客气。到明年长出来后,你就能看到我为你挑的是什么颜色的郁金香了。之后,他没说一句话便转身离开了。

  I have watched those red-and-white striped tulips push their way through the soil every spring for over ten years now.. In fact, this September the doctor will declare me cured. I’ve seen my children graduate from high school and enter college.

  转眼间,十多年过去了,每年春天,我都会看着这些红白相间的郁金香破土而出。事实上,今年九月,医生已宣布我痊愈了。我也看着孩子们高中毕业,进入大学。

  In a moment when I prayed for just the right word, a man with very few words said all the right things.

  在那绝望的时刻,我祈求他人的安慰,而这个男人寥寥数语,却情真意切,温暖着我脆弱的心。

  After all, that’s what friends do.

  毕竟,朋友之间就该这么做。

 

 

 

 

 

 

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